Caused by the bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheria
Spread by direct contact with medium or air contaminated with the bacteria. Examples: fluids from the mouth or nose of an infected person, from fingers or towels or from milk that is contaminated with the bacteria.
It is a bacterial infection that attacks the lining (mucous membrane) of the throat and nose. These bacteria secrete toxins that spread throughout the body through the bloodstream and cause complications such as myocarditis (inflammation of the lining of the heart), muscle weakness and kidney failure.
Able to transmit diphtheria up to 6 weeks after initial infection.
In poor / developing countries where the success rate for diphtheria vaccine is still very low, diphtheria can be a dangerous disease.
This disease can be prevented by vaccines.
Vaccines for children and adults:
Vaccine contraindications in children:
Side effects after vaccine administration:
ORI (Outbreak Response Immunization)
If in 1 area there is an outbreak status (1 case of diphtheria was found) then all children aged 1-19 years must receive ORI for 3 times, within the interval of 0-1-6 months. Regardless of previous immunization status.
ORI will provide a vaccine with the provisions of DPT-HB-HiB for ages 1-5 years, DTs aged 5 years to 7 years, and TD ages 7 to 19 years.
Source: Healthline.com; wikipedia.org; pikiran-rakyat.com